芝麻与特色油料研究室

芝麻与特色油料作物研究室简介

  研究室主要开展芝麻、蓖麻、胡麻、向日葵、苏子、红花等特色油料作物研究,包含芝麻种质资源、芝麻遗传育种和特色油料等3个课题组,现有研究和支撑人员28人,其中高级职称8人,博士8人,中国农业科学院创新工程团队首席1人,国家芝麻、胡麻产业技术体系岗位专家3人,负责国家芝麻与特色油料种质资源中期库的建设和运转。已承担项目或课题40余项,在分子生物学研究方面取得较大进展,率先完成了芝麻基因组物理图谱构建和结构解析,发掘出一批重要应用价值的优异种质和基因资源,创建了多组学大数据应用平台,发表论文120余篇,育成品种37个,主编著作9部,获国家发明专利授权7项、省级成果6项,为我国芝麻和特色油料产业做出了重要贡献。


研究室主要成员、学生

研究方向
研究方向1:芝麻与特色油料作物种质资源研究
  开展芝麻、蓖麻、向日葵、苏子、红花等种质资源收集、编目、繁种入库和鉴定工作。已收集保存来源世界40余国家和我国30余省的资源,其中芝麻7910份、蓖麻2719份、红花2797份和向日葵3016份,建立了国家芝麻与特油资源中期库(实物库)和包含30余万项次信息的数据库,构建了中国芝麻、蓖麻、苏子等核心收集品,发掘和创制出高产、优质、抗病、抗逆、株型紧凑等优异种质700余份,累计向全国提供种质利用30000余份次。

 


芝麻与特色油料种质资源

 

研究方向2:芝麻与特色油料作物遗传育种
  主要开展育种理论和方法的研究,结合常规育种技术与现代分子育种技术,通过有性杂交、理化诱变、杂优利用、株型改良、抗逆鉴定和分子标记辅助选择等多种途径,培育高产、抗逆、优质、适应轻简化种植的芝麻、蓖麻等作物新品种,已育成芝麻、蓖麻品种37个。其中芝麻品种覆盖我国江淮流域产区达40%以上。培育的芝麻品种中芝9号、中芝11、中芝12、中芝13分别获湖北省科技进步奖奖励。



部分通过认定的品种证书


研究方向3:芝麻与特色油料重要性状基因发掘
  主要开展芝麻与特色油料重要性状的遗传解析和关键基因鉴定,为优异种质的精准发掘和分子设计育种提供理论和技术支撑。完成了芝麻第一张物理图谱绘制和结构解析,明确了全基因组等位变异,构建了第一张芝麻单倍型图谱和3张高密度遗传连锁图谱,定位耐湿、抗旱、株高、含油量、雄性不育等性状基因位点600多个,首次定位到1个芝麻矮化基因位点,鉴定出调控种子含油量新基因SiPPO和SiNST1,获得66个耐湿和10个抗旱候选基因,初步解析了芝麻高油、核雄性不育及蓖麻性别分化的分子基础。

构建的芝麻遗传学与基因组学应用数据库


近期承担的主要课题
1. 中国农科院科技创新工程“芝麻与特种油料遗传育种创新团队”,2013-2020
2. “国家胡麻产业技术体系”抗旱与节水栽培岗位(CARS-17-GW-08),2008-2020
3. “国家芝麻产业技术体系”长江流域育种岗位(CARS-15-1-03),2008-2020
4. “国家芝麻产业技术体系”渍害防控岗位(CARS-15-1-07), 2008-2020
5. 国家自然科学基金“蓖麻性别表现差异的分子机理” (No.31271765),2013-2016
6. 国家自然科学基金“芝麻产量相关性状的全基因组关联分析”(No.31401422), 2015-2017
7. 国家自然科学基金“芝麻素合成调控基因的鉴定与功能验证(No.31671283), 2017-2019
8. 国家自然科学基金 “芝麻矮化主效QTL精细定位、基因克隆及功能鉴定” (No.31271766),2013-2016
9. 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)子课题“”(2011CB109304)
10. 国家科技计划子课题“特油作物种质资源发掘与创新利用”, 2013-2017
11. 国家科技计划子课题“芝麻种质资源发掘与创新利用”, 2013-2017
12. 农业部物种保种专项子课题“特油种质资源收集、编目与繁种入库”,2013-2017
13. 农业部物种保护专项子课题“芝麻种质资源收集、编目与繁种入库” ,2013-2017
14. 农业部948项目“特油优异和特色种质资源的引进与利用”,2009-2016
15. 农业行业标准制定和修订“芝麻品种资源耐湿性鉴定技术规范”,2015-2016
16. 湖北省青年英才培养计划,2014-2016

代表性论文专利
论文:
1. Jingyin Yu, Komivi Dossa, Linhai Wang, Yanxin Zhang, Xin Wei, Boshou Liao, and Xiurong Zhan. PMDBase: a database for studying microsatellite DNA and marker development in plants. Nucleic Acids Res. 2017 January 4; 45(Database issue): D1046–D1053. doi:  10.1093/nar/gkw906
2. Wang L, Xia Q, Zhang Y, Zhu X, Li D, Ni X, et al. Updated sesame genome assembly and fine mapping of plant height and seed coat color QTLs using a new high-density genetic map. BMC Genomics. 2016;17(1):31. Epub 2016/01/07. doi: 10.1186/s12864-015-2316-4. PubMed PMID: 26732604; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4702397.
3. Wang L, Li D, Zhang Y, Gao Y, Yu J, Wei X, et al. Tolerant and Susceptible Sesame Genotypes Reveal Waterlogging Stress Response Patterns. PLoS One. 2016;11(3):e0149912. Epub 2016/03/05. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149912. PubMed PMID: 26934874; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC4774966.
4. Dossa K, Wei X, Li D, Fonceka D, Zhang Y, Wang L, Yu J, Boshou L, Diouf D, Cisse N, Zhang X (2016a) Insight into the AP2/ERF transcription factor superfamily in sesame and expression profiling of DREB subfamily under drought stress. BMC Plant Biol 16 (1):171. doi:10.1186/s12870-016-0859-4
5. Dossa K, Wei X, Zhang Y, Fonceka D, Yang W, Diouf D, Liao B, Cisse N, Zhang X (2016b) Analysis of Genetic Diversity and Population Structure of Sesame Accessions from Africa and Asia as Major Centers of Its Cultivation. Genes (Basel) 7 (4). doi:10.3390/genes7040014
6. Hongyan Liu, Mingpu Tan, Haijuan Yu, Liang Li, Fang Zhou, Minmin Yang, Ting Zhou, Yingzhong Zhao*. Comparative transcriptome profiling of the fertile and sterile flower buds of a dominant genic male sterile line in sesame (Sesamum indicum L.). BMC Plant Biology, 2016, 16: 250
7. Tan Meilian, Xue Jianfeng, Wang Lei, Huang Jiaxiang, Fu Chunling and Yan Xingchu. 2016. Transcriptomi analysis of gene expression during development from apical buds to inflorescences for different sex types of Ricinus communis L. by digital gene expression profiling. Frontiers in Plant Science. 6, 1208.
8. Wei, Xin*, Liu, Kunyan*, Zhang, Yanxin*, Feng, Qi*, Wang, Linhai*, Zhao, Yan, Li, Donghua, Zhao, Qiang, Zhu, Xiaodong, Zhu, Xiaofeng, Li, Wenjun, Fan, Danlin, Gao, Yuan, Lu, Yiqi, Zhang, Xianmei, Tang, Xiumei, Zhou, Congcong, Zhu, Chuanrang, Liu, Lifeng, Zhong, Ruichun, Tian, Qilin, Wen, Ziruo, Weng, Qijun, Han, Bin, Huang, Xuehui and Zhang, Xiurong. Genetic discovery for oil production and quality in sesame. 2015(6), Nature Communications (DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9609).
9. Linhai Wang*, Sheng Yu*, Chaobo Tong*, Yingzhong Zhao*, Yan Liu*, Chi Song, Yanxin Zhang, Xudong Zhang, Ying Wang, Wei Hua, Donghua Li, Dan Li, Fang Li, Jingyin Yu, Chunyan Xu, Xuelian Han, Shunmou Huang, Shuaishuai Tai, Junyi Wang, Xun Xu, Yingrui Li, Shengyi Liu, Rajeev K Varshney, Jun Wang and Xiurong Zhang*: Genome sequencing of the high oil crop sesame provides insight into oil biosynthesis. Genome Biol 2014, 15:R39
10. Linhai Wang, Jingyin Yu, Donghua Li, Xiurong Zhang. Sinbase: An Integrated Database to Study Genomics, Genetics, and Comparative Genomics in Sesamum indicum. Plant & cell physiology. 2015 Jan; 56(1):e2. doi: 10.1093/pcp/pcu175.. (2014 IF=4.93)
11. Wang Linhai, Han Xuelian, Zhang Yanxin, Li Donghua, Wei Xin, Ding Xia, Zhang Xiurong: Deep resequencing reveals allelic variation in Sesamum indicum. BMC Plant Biol 2014, 14:225.
12. Linhai Wang, Yanxin Zhang,Xiaoqiong Qi,Yuan Gao and Xiurong Zhang* . Development and characterization of 59 polymorphic cDNA-SSR markers for the edible oil crop Sesamum indicum(Pedaliaceae). American Journal of Botany. 99(10): E394-E398. doi:10.3732/ajb.1200081, 2012.
13.  Linhai Wang, Yanxin Zhang, Xiaoqiong Qi, Donghua Li, Wenliang Wei, Xiurong Zhang*. Global gene expression ersponses to waterlogging in roots of sesame(Sesamum indicum L.). Acta Physiologiae Plantarum, 34(6): 2241-2249. DOI 10.1007/s11738-012-1024-9, 2012.
14. Linhai Wang. Yanxin Zhang. Peiwu Li. Xuefang Wang. Wen Zhang. Wenliang Wen. Xiurong Zhang*. HPLC analysis of seed sesamin and sesamolin variation in a sesame germplasm collection in China. J Am Oil Soc, 89(6): 1011-1020. DOI 10.1007/s11746-011-2005-7, 2012.
15. Xin Wei†, Linhai Wang†, Yanxin Zhang, Xiaoqiong Qi, Xiaoling Wang, Xia Ding, Jing Zhangand Xiurong Zhang. Development of Simple Sequence Repeat (SSR) Markers of Sesame (Sesamum indicum) from a Genome Survey. Molecules, 19, 5150-5162; doi:10.3390/molecules19045150,2014.
16. Yanxin Zhang, Linhai Wang, Huaigen Xin, Donghua Li, Chouxian Ma, Xia Ding, Weiguo Hong and Xiurong Zhang. Construction of a high-density genetic map for sesame based on large scale marker development by specific length amplified fragment (SLAF) sequencing. BMC Plant Biology 13:141 doi:10.1186/1471-2229-13-141, 2013.
17. Wenliang Wei*, Xiaoqiong Qi*, Linhai Wang, Yanxin Zhang, Wei Hua, Donghua Li, Haixia Lv, Xiurong Zhang § .Characterization of the sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) global transcriptome using Illumina paired-end sequencing and development of EST-SSR markers. BMC Genomics, 12:451-463, 2011.
18. Zhang Y, Zhang X, Che Z, Wang L, Wei W, Li D. Genetic diversity assessment of sesame core collection in China by phenotype and molecular markers and extraction of a mini-core collection. BMC Genetics. 2012,13:102  DOI: 10.1186/1471-2156-13-102
19. Hongyan Liu, Xinan Zhou, Kun Wu, Minmin Yang, Yingzhong Zhao*. Inheritance and molecular mapping of a novel dominant genic male-sterile gene in Sesamum indicum L. Mol Breeding, 2015, 35:9.
20. Kun Wu, Hongyan Liu, Minmin Yang, Ye Tao, Huihui Ma, Wenxiong Wu, Yang Zuo, Yingzhong Zhao*. High-density genetic map construction and QTLs analysis of grain yield-related traits in Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) based on RAD-Seq techonology. BMC Plant Biol, 2014, 14:274.

专利:
1. 张秀荣,王林海,黎冬华,张艳欣,危文亮. 一种鉴定芝麻茎点枯病和枯萎病病原菌致病性的方法(ZL201010565405.1)
2. 张秀荣,王林海,张艳欣,孙建,危文亮,张晓燕. 一种鉴定芝麻发芽期耐湿性的方法(ZL201010507286.4)
3. 张秀荣,魏鑫,王林海,张艳欣,高媛,丁霞. 基于芝麻全基因组序列开发的SSR核心引物组及应用(ZL201310656329.9).
4. 张秀荣,张艳欣,王林海,黎冬华,高媛. 芝麻耐湿性状主效基因位点紧密连锁的分子标记及其应用(ZL201310450487.9).
5. 张秀荣,黎冬华,张艳欣,王林海,高媛. 一种提高芝麻耐湿能力的复合诱抗剂(ZL201310360848.0).
6. 刘红艳,赵应忠,吴坤,杨敏敏. 芝麻显性细胞核雄性不育基因分子标记及制备方法和应用(ZL 2014 1 0111 566.1).



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